Passive structural fire protection is one of the most important factors in HVAC. Highly efficient insulation together with appropriate fire containment is necessary in order to prevent the spread of flames and smoke to other areas of the building.
Horizontal/Vertical rectangular ducts
Properly insulating ventilation ducts is key to containing fires in partitioning areas. These ducts often pass through building compartments which is breached, can allow rapid spread of fire inside the building. Efficient ventilation insulation reduces the need for mechanical methods of fire protection such as sprinklers.
In accordance with The Building Regulations, when ductwork passes through any element of construction which has a designated period of fire resistance, the integrity of that compartment should be maintained.
Any vertical or horizontal, rectangular or square steel ductwork associated with ventilation and/or air conditioning systems, including ducted supply and extract systems (whether through ducts or plenums), mechanically assisted systems and those relying on natural convection can be protected with Fire-teK BD 917 to provide the required degree of fire protection.
Every building must be designed and constructed in such a way that in the event of an outbreak of fire within the building, the unseen spread of fire and smoke within concealed cavities in its structure and fabric is inhibited. The Building Regulations require cavity barriers to sub-divide voids if they extend beyond certain dimensions.
Cavity barriers are also required to be placed above fire resisting partitions. Both Glass Mineral Wool and Rock Mineral Wool products are ideal to act as cavity barriers due to their inherent non-combustibility.
Structural steel requires fire protection because it loses structural strength at temperatures that can be rapidly reached in a building fire. This will consequently have a negative impact on the structural integrity of the building.
Protecting the structural steel from the heat of a fire will delay the onset of this loss of strength and the possible collapse of the building. This is essential because it allows extra time for both the occupants of the building to escape and fire services to tackle the fire.
At Knauf Insulation, we are committed to helping our customers meet the increasing demand for energy efficiency. Browse our other application pages to find out more.